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Opinión de la EFSA sobre la revisión del etiquetado de determinados valores de ingesta dietética de referencia para determinados elementos

efsa logoReview of labelling reference intake values

(Question No EFSA-Q-2008-772)
Adopted on 13 March 2009


Jean-Louis Bresson, Albert Flynn, Marina Heinonen, Karin Hulshof, Hannu Korhonen, Pagona Lagiou, Martinus Løvik, Rosangela Marchelli, Ambroise Martin, Bevan Moseley, Hildegard Przyrembel, Seppo Salminen, Sean (J.J.) Strain, Stephan Strobel, Inge Tetens, Henk van den Berg, Hendrik van Loveren and Hans Verhagen.


Following a request from the European Commission, the Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies was asked to review and provide advice on labelling reference intakes for energy, fat, saturates (saturated fat), carbohydrate, sugars and salt that are included in a proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and the Council on the provision of food information to the consumer (COM(2008) 40).

The proposed labelling reference intakes for energy and nutrients are to be used to enable the nutrient content of a food product (per 100 g, per 100 ml, or per portion) to be expressed as a percentage of a typical recommended daily intake (adults). This information allows comparison of the nutritional values of food products and can help to convey the relative significance of the food as a source of energy and nutrients in the context of a total daily diet.

For practical application in nutrition labelling, a single reference intake is proposed for each nutrient using rounded values for ease of calculation.

Labelling reference intakes for total fat, saturated fat, carbohydrate, sugars and salt may be derived from science-based nutrient intake recommendations for the general population that have been established by national and international authorities. For these nutrients, intake recommendations for the general population are based on evidence of relationships between intake and the risk of obesity and/or diet-related diseases (e.g. cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, dental caries). The nutrient intake recommendations for the general population established by authorities in different EU countries are generally consistent (but not uniform). It is important to distinguish the labelling reference intakes for nutrients from dietary reference values established for population groups.

1 For citation purposes: Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Dietetic products, Nutrition and Allergies on a request from European Commission on the review of labelling reference intake values for selected nutritional elements. The EFSA Journal (2009) 1008, 1-14